Monday, April 11, 2011

CRS Report on ICC

OpenCRS has posted a new report from the Congressional Research Service titled "International Criminal Court cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues." There are twenty-two cases currently before the International Criminal Court, which all pertain to crimes allegedly committed in five African states: Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Central African Republic.  While the United States is not a member of the Court, it has promised diplomatic and informational support.  The independent Court was established to investigate and bring to justice individuals who commit war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. This report provides background on current ICC cases and examines issues raised by the ICC’s actions in Africa.

One interesting development mentioned in the report is that on February 26, U.N. Security Council Resolution 1970 referred the situation in Libya to the Court.  That resolution provides the ICC with jurisdiction over war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide occurring in Libya since that date, even though Libya is not a state party to the Court.  On March 3, the ICC Prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, announced he was initiating a formal investigation.